Discover Black Sea coast

Season 2014 starts with dirrect flights - Oslo - Varna.

Every Wednesday and Saturday from 25.06.2014

Wizz air flights to London - Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday starts every day from 01.08.2014.

Austrian airlines flight are daily from Vienna to Varna.

This year 2 new airlines starts operating on Varna airport - Air Serbia and Turkish airlines.

You could reach Varna from every part of Europe with the new airlines.

Flights to Brussels and Luxembourg will be regular in the summer season.

 

THE UNIQUE REGION OF VARNA

 

The wonders of Varna

 

The Archaeological Museum of Varna

The building in which it is housed was constructed in 1892 – 1898 for a school – a Girls High School. It was built in a late baroque style with basement premises and two floors. It has an almost square shape and a spacious internal yard. Some of the premises and the corridors are decorated with wall paintings. The archaeological museum shows original finds from the Paleolithic Age /about 100 000 years BC/ to the Middle Ages /7th – 8th/ century, many of which are of great significance to the archaeology of Europe and the world. The largest Mesolithic collection of flint tools in South-East Europe, the largest collections of ancient terracotta, tombstone reliefs, lamps and glass vessels in Bulgaria are placed here.

The most significant exponents in the museum are from the Varna Eneolith necropolis which was found during accidental construction works in the west industrial zone of Varna in 1972. The Varna necropolis soon turned into a sensational scientific find, the significance of which surpasses largely the limits of the ancient history of contemporary Bulgaria. As a result of the researches, 294 tombs have been found by now.

 

 

The oldest golden treasure in the world was found neither in Sumer, nor in Egypt, nor in pre-Columbus America, but in Bulgaria, in an Eneolithic necropolis, found

The oldest golden treasure in the world

 near Varna city in 1972. The treasure has an exceptional value because according to scientists it dates back to the 6th millennium BC.

 This sensational find posed new questions before science in terms of the ancient civilizations, which had inhabited the Bulgarian lands before the Thracians. The artifacts impress viewers with their exceptional diversity – more than 38 types of articles, totally weighing more than 6 kilograms. Presently the artifacts of the necropolis are presented in the Archaeological Museum in Varna, and because of their exceptional value and the interest that they provoke; they are often shown in museums in the country and abroad.

 

Cathedral “The Assumption of Holy Mother”

 Cathedral “The Assumption of Holy Mother”

The cathedral in Varna is one of the symbols of the city. It is situated on “St. Cyril and St. Methodius” square in the center of Varna. The first stone upon the construction of the temple was placed by Prince Alexander I of Battenberg (1857 - 1893) in 1880. The name that was chosen, The Assumption of Holy Mother, was to the memory of the Russian Empress Maria Alexanrovna, benefactor of Bulgaria and aunt of the Prince. The foundations were laid by the project of the Odessus architect Maas, and the building itself is constructed according to the project of the municipal architect P. Kupka. During the construction itself, the builders were working according to the model of the Peterhof Temple in Saint Petersburg, by using local materials. The roof part and the domes were covered in copper tin. The construction of the temple was performed in the beginning of October 1885. The complete decoration of the temple began in 1949, and in the 1960s the stained glass of the large windows looking to the square were made.

 

  During the period 1999-2002 the ventilation system in the temple was constructed, and the mural paintings were renovated, and in 2001 by funds of the municipality a unique outdoor lighting was installed at the Cathedral, which emphasizes the beauty of the building at night. In 2002 the renovation of the Cathedral domes was completed. The entire roof construction is enriched with materials based on gold and silver.

 

The Roman Baths

The Roman Baths are one of the most valuable monuments of culture in Varna, situated in the central part of the city.

The Public Baths of Odessos are one of the most preserved architectural monuments of the Roman Age in Bulgaria (1st – 4th century AD). They are of the so called “small imperial style” and their construction refers to the end of the 2nd century AD. This is the largest roman bath on the Balkan Peninsula – with an area of 7000 square meters. It is the forth in size in Europe – among the baths of Karakala and Diocletian in Rome and Trevira (Trier, Germany). It was used by the end of 3rd century.

Along with other public buildings, the baths were an important part of the daily life of Odessos.

Roman baths Varna

Adjacent to the Thermae site is the very modest 1838 building which houses the icons of the St. Atanassiy church.  This building replaced an earlier church which burnt down.  T

his site has had religious building back at least to the 10th century. The building became an icon museum in 1961.  After the iron curtain fell, it returned to being a church and the icon collection moved to the to the second floor of the Archeology Museum with reproductions left on their place here. Until the much fancier Assumption Cathedral opened in 1886, St. Atanassiy served as Varna's cathedral even though it was an understated building, perhaps deliberately so as supposedly the Ottomans would not let a church be built higher than a warrior on horseback.